when to mow red clover
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when to mow red clover

when to mow red clover

In general, dry matter accumulation is at its highest by the time red clover reaches the 20% bloom stage of maturity. Slight different school of thought like Bill said but I thought it might be helpful to some…, Catchem unfortunately I have a ton of experience mowing clover! - posted in Alfalfa/Hay: Hey guys, i did my first cut a month ago now, and i have about 2 ac that's seems to be nothing but Clover. The legume and grass content of a grazed pasture changes over time. If it is grass competition, it is usually better to spray than mow, but if it is broadleaf weeds, then mowing should clean up the plot. This advice on mowing differs from some food plotters, who believe in mowing clover when it is at its most productive. There are also some times and reasons not to mow. If not, the best time to mow is when you see clover plants begin to flower. Red clover will grow better if started after the last frost of the spring, once established grass stands in other locations start to show steady growth. Red clover also seems to reduce our levels of bad (LDL) cholesterol and our risk for heart disease. In the middle of summer, stop mowing to encourage clover from flowering and seeding. I have always mowed my clover when the weeds start to become obvious. If the clover is doing well in May and June and deer are eating it, let them eat it. If an emergency forage cut is needed, harvest red clover in early summer, then broadcast and lightly incorporate millet seed with a tine harrow or disk. Some guys prefer to mow twice a summer to keep the clover lush and growing so it is most attractive to the deer. During hot and dry weather, red clover growth slows and flowering may occur on short, stunted plants. Early flowering red clover types include common medium red clover, suitable for 2-3 hay cuttings per year. Crimson clover (Trifolium incarnatum) is native to the Mediterranean region. To avoid clover sickness (a combination of soil-borne sclerotinia and stem eelworm) a five year gap should be allowed between leys containing red clover. Good luck. Forages cut at 20% bloom had forage quality that was slightly lower than bud stage clover. Now if you’re deer density is such that it never gets that tall then you may not need to mow it, or just mow it for weed control or just spray for that. If it blooms before Sept. 10, it should be removed. Thank you for all your work, There are a few schools of thought on this. Once established, clover food plots need to be properly maintained in order to provide maximum forage. Propagation and Planting Red Clover. The drug is made from its flowers, which contain a volatile oil that consists flavonoids, derivatives of coumarin and cyanogenic glycosides. In my experience, the deer keep it mowed well enough on their own. This clover plot was seeded late last August at 2lbs of Jumbo Ladino Clover, 2lbs of Alice White Clover and 70lbs of Winter Rye per acre. Another general rule of thumb is to wait until plants are 8-12 inches tall, then mow them down to 4 or 5 inches. If you cut late in the day, you might weaken and hurt the plant. 1 Set your lawn mower to a desired height, such as 2 to 3 inches, to mow your clover in spring and fall months while it is not in bloom. It is often suggested that you should mow your clover plots 2-3 times during the growing season depending on conditions. Nutritionally speaking Red Clover blossoms contain a good amount of calcium, magnesium, potassium, niacin, thiamine, and lots of Vitamin C. How to Use Red Clover Blossoms When adding clover to an existing lawn, first mow it close and remove any thatch to allow the seed to fall to the soil surface. An EEO/AA employer, University of Wisconsin-Madison Division of Extension provides equal opportunities in employment and programming, including Title VI, Title IX, the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) and Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act requirements. On a dry sandy soil, it may only need cutting twice in the season. Red clover reaches its prime feeding value at five to 15 days after first bloom. This often involves a herbicide treatment or mowing. Red Clover Cutting Management. Renegade is classified as semi-dormant in winter growth habit, and provides more grazing than Ladino clover during hot summer months. … This way, it'll still be somewhat cool out and the plant will have some time to recover before the hottest point of the day. Nick Schneider – UW Extension, Winnebago County dwiersma@facstaff.wisc.edu. This study showed that fall harvest did not significantly reduce forage yield the following year. Below are a few links to help you with the maintenance of your clover plot. Red clover harvested three times (2 summer cuts + a late fall cut) at 20% bloom yielded the most total forage in Wisconsin studies. The first cut may be before this if there is a severe weed problem. The majority of red clover varieties has a persistence of 2 years, care should be taken to source a variety with better persistence for longer term mixtures. Ladino clover food plots require very little maintenance and care once established. 9. The best time to cut red clover is early in the morning, right after the dew has dried. Early June is a good time to start this process of cleaning up clover plots. Maximum nutrient yields are obtained by harvesting red clover when the plants are between bud stage and 20% bloom. Brian, if you do that, you need to scale the rate back on the Autumn Quick Plot to about 60%. Red clover is also considered as a medicinal plant. Mowing when you start seeing white clover heading out can keep the plot vigorous and increase stolon or runner production. With this harvest system farmers end up cutting too late to obtain maximum forage quality. Greg Andrews – UW Extension, Pierce County Here is a prime example of why I recommend establishing your new clover plot seedings for whitetails in the fall with a nurse crop of winter rye. Conversely on a fertile soil in a warm wet summer, it may need … As mentioned, there are people who have other thoughts on this. 4. Rand, D.K. If I’m using a brush hog I cut it about 8-10 inches then when it gets over say 14-16 inches I’ll knock it back again. I basically only mow to clean up the plot. I found out it would green up just beautifully… So moral of the story is that it isn’t really that important on how short you cut it. I usually don’t mow my clover plots until they start to get overgrown with weeds. In a multi-year study, five red clover varieties were seeded at Northern, Central, and Southern Wisconsin locations. Harvest management effects on red clover forage yield, quality, and persistence. You do need some sunlight to the forest floor though, or the shade will still prevent a lot of undergrowth. Introduction Over the past 60 years, many different types of crimson clover have been produced. Of course mowing doesn’t help control grass really. Good luck. Forages cut at bud stage had the highest concentration of crude protein (CP) and lowest concentration of neutral detergent fiber (NDF) and acid detergent fiber (ADF). They are monoculture crops that provide minimal benefits to nature. Red clover seeded in winter or early spring may be grazed the first summer. I basically only mow to clean up the plot. Red clover cultivars that were developed during the 1970s and 1980s proved to be higher yielding, more disease resistant, and persistent than those that were developed prior to 1970. If it’s hot and dry I only like to mow it just before a rain. At full height, micro clover will reach about 6 inches un-mowed, and 4 inches if mowed every now and then. Remove clippings for green manure or forage to prevent plant disease. The four-cut system produced high yields, but the economics of taking the fourth cut in fall are generally not favorable. We teach, learn, lead and serve, connecting people with the University of Wisconsin, and engaging with them in transforming lives and communities. One concern with taking a fall harvest is forage persistence and yield potential in the following year. Photo by Martin LaBars. Red clover and oats also make suitable companion plants. There were no detrimental effects on stand persistence due to fall cutting in the three or four cut systems tested. White Clover – This is what my living mulch should soon look like. Marshfield Agricultural Research Station I mow mine every time the farmer cuts his alfalfa and I can drive back to my clover plots, the clover keeps growing strong and is usually 10” around September and mowed down like a golf course by November (frigid forage pure trophy clover) by the deer, Here’s a comment I left on one of my blog comments. If you do not understand the ideal dietary recommendations, consult an animal feed expert, veterinarian, or other qualified professional. … I would keep the rate the same as on the label for the clover. Connect with your County Extension Office », Find an Extension employee in our staff directory », Get the latest news and updates on Extension's work around the state, Feedback, questions or accessibility issues: info@extension.wisc.edu | © 2020 The Board of Regents of the University of Wisconsin System Privacy Policy | Non-Discrimination Policy | Discrimination and Harassment Complaints | Disability Accommodation Requests | Civil Rights. However, oats should be harvested earlier as silage to minimize competition for water and shade. This form needs Javascript to display, which your browser doesn’t support. “That’s just wrong. Red clover forage yield will vary depending on the stage of maturity at harvest. Renade has been tested extensively across North America and it was the highest yielding (DM) red clover variety in a two-year trial conducted in Lexington, KY. RENEGAD… When to Cut Clover for a 2nd cut? Nutrient requirements. As alwa… It is often suggested that you should mow your clover plots 2-3 times during the growing season depending on conditions. This occurs due to a cycling of the grass and legume portions of the pasture. Continue reading for more crimson clover information. Cutting during these stressful periods can weaken red clover plants and cause stand reductions. Also called incarnate clover because of their blood-red blooms, crimson clover has been used as a cover crop in the United States since the mid-1800s. In maritime, Soil erosion concerns after silage harvest Later cuttings can be made at late-bud or early-bloom stage. Have you ever planted Pure Trophy Clover and AQP together in late summer and have the AQP act as a cover crop during the fall? However, red clover is particularly sensitive to soil moisture conditions, and forage productivity can be limited with dry soil conditions. Focus on Forage – Vol 3: No. 1 In general, red clover is more productive in southern Wisconsin where the growing season is longer as compared to northern Wisconsin. Suited to high rainfall with a good proportion of it during summer. Harvesting red clover at 40% bloom results in forage quality that is lower than forages cut at 20% bloom or bud stage. If not, the best time to mow is when you see clover plants begin to flower. Moreover, clover also attracts pollinating insects like bees, attracts deer, requires no fertilization, grows in poor soil, and requires very little attention and no mowing. Red clover grows taller and more productive than white clover, but has to be managed carefully and is generally treated as a 2-3 year crop. The seedling tolerates shading to some extent, as well, which makes interseeding into sod more successful. I'm not really sure what is the best way to rake and bale it. Red clover is grown as a forage for grazing, and for feed as cultivated hay. This is a horse pasture that i seeded with a pasture mix and it seems that the clover as taken over. High yield is obtained by sowing of 3.63 to 4.54 kg of red clover seeds per acre in a well-prepared soil. Managing Cover Crops Profitably explores how and why cover crops work, and provides all the information needed to build cover crops into any farming operation. Below are a few links to help you with the maintenance of your clover plot. This way, it'll still be somewhat cool out and the plant will have some time to recover before the hottest point of the day. Is there a specific time of the year you would recommend doing it; spring, mid-summer, or late summer? When well managed and properly fertilized, newer varieties of red clover can potentially yield 4 to 5 tons of good quality forage. Benefits of Clover. McDaniel, I know a lot of people that do that. The best time to cut red clover is early in the morning, right after the dew has dried. Grain production in the Midwest in general has been severely affected by the drought. Interseeding Legumes versus Applying Nitrogen Fertilizer What cut system produced the most forage per season? Its place in your lawn will provide a nitrogen boost to the soil it inhabits, as well as to surrounding soils. Mowing will stall the maturation process and promote growth of runners and “daughter” plants. RENEGADE is an erect, early flowering, double cut red clover with improved resistance to southern anthracnose and downy mildew. Red clover ( Trifolium pratense ) is used worldwide as a fodder plant due its high nutritional value. Red Clover is often grown in areas with low soil pH or fertility, and poor soil drainage. Crimson clover was first used in the U.S. in the south as a pasture legume. However, with a three-cut system, farmers are concerned that they may give up yield and persistence. The highest nutrient content and digestibility came from red clover forages cut at the bud stage of growth, but came at the expense of forage yield. If there is a full canopy of trees, you may need to do some timber stand improvement first. Bill responds, Brian, There are a few schools of thought on this. More recently, farmers have been cutting red clover three times during the summer to get a higher quality forage. I have always mowed my clover when the weeds start to become obvious. Red clover is a short-lived perennial that is winter hardy throughout Pennsylvania. Matt Ruark – UW Extension Soil Scientist Will be using a NH 256 rolabar rake and a NH 5070 small square baler. www.omafra.gov.on.ca/english/crops/facts/cover_crops01/redclover.htm Luck of the Clover J. Feedback, questions or accessibility issues: Interseeding Legumes versus Applying Nitrogen Fertilizer, Soil erosion concerns after silage harvest, © 2020 The Board of Regents of the University of Wisconsin System. (4-23-19), Thank you for the information. They also generate oxygen, provide a lush carpet for childrens barefoot play, and offer a pleasant setting for active summer livingbadminton anyone? Some years I never mow, especially on dry years as I don’t want to stress the clover. I plan to ted in the morning while the dew is still on. There are also some times and reasons not to mow. The red clover plant has been used medicinally for several centuries. Do you recommend spreading fertilizer inside small areas of woods. The drug is made from its flowers, which contain a volatile oil that consists flavonoids, derivatives of coumarin and cyanogenic glycosides. Two-cut systems were lower yielding than three and four cut systems. It’s just like mowing your lawn, it comes right back. 4. Mowing will stimulate regrowth at the crowns. White clover (Trifolium repens) is a rapid spreader that crowds out broadleaf weeds while growing harmoniously with grass.It will thrive in areas that are poorly drained or too shady for a conventional lawn. It looked like I was butchering it. by Ken Barnett1 On the other hand, lawns are ground covers that can prevent the encroachment of unwanted or invasive weeds. When comparing the various cut systems for total season yield, the three-cut system was the highest yielding system (Figure 1). This also keeps the clover more palatable and attractive to the deer. Traditionally, red clover is cut twice a year when it is at 50% bloom or greater. This often involves a herbicide treatment or mowing. Red Clover (Trifolium pratense) Description: A short-term (2–3 years) perennial legume. In middle to late August, mow the red clover. Red clover yield is influenced by the growing conditions of each year and location. If the weeds aren’t bad, there is no urgent need to mow at any specific time. The big brassica leaves in the Autumn Quick Plot could shade out the clover if you plant the AQP too thick. 5 Reasons Food Plots Fail – Don’t fall victim to one of these five common food plot mistakes. Red clover can be used as a cover crop that provides many benefits such as fixing nitrogen (N) to meet needs of the following crop, protecting soil from erosion, improving soil tilth, competing with weeds, as well as supplying forage needs. This advice on mowing differs from some food plotters, who believe in mowing clover when it is at its most productive. In fact when red clover has a lot of late summer or fall regrowth, it may be better to harvest the crop to reduce the risk of winter smothering. The most practical way to prevent this is to graze during August. “It’s a myth that you have to mow in order to have a nutritious clover plot,” said Craig. That will allow enough room for the clover to get going. © University of Wisconsin Board of Regents, 2000, Daniel Wiersma, UW-Madison Issue 12-03 Continue reading for more crimson clover information. Clover is a popular alternative to grass for front and backyard lawns, mostly because clover is affordable, easy to grow, simple to maintain, and drought-resistant. Also called incarnate clover because of their blood-red blooms, crimson clover has been used as a cover crop in the United States since the mid-1800s. Best suited to well-drained, fertile, slightly acid to neutral soils. “That’s just wrong. This Focus on Forage will discuss the effect of harvest management on red clover yield, quality, and persistence. It definitely makes a difference in both the amount of browse and the attractiveness of the browse. However, significant forage yield and quality differences were measured among harvest management systems. In fact, the clover is actually a lawn conditioner. How to make red clover hay - posted in Alfalfa/Hay: I mowed a field of pure red clover with the haybine at 5 oclock this evening. 10 acres or less to encourage under growth for bedding and food. When comparing the various cut systems for total season yield, quality, and poor soil.! You should mow your clover plots low soil pH or fertility, and poor soil drainage just! Or the shade will still prevent a lot of people that do,. The growing conditions of each year and location a lot of undergrowth red... Short, stunted plants, slightly acid to neutral soils mixtures make good silage if wilted slightly before ensiling if. At 20 % bloom stage of maturity at harvest have a nutritious clover plot, ” said.. Not, the deer keep it mowed well enough on their own fertility, and productivity... Is an erect, early flowering red clover seeds per acre in warm. Is due to a cycling of the grass and legume portions of the grass content declines you about. Ladino clover food plots need to scale the rate back on the label the. And yield potential in the season it, let them eat it NH rolabar. A grazed pasture changes over time Wisconsin wanted to determine what cutting systems best red. As compared to Northern Wisconsin acres or less to encourage under growth for bedding food... Stage results in lower yield per cut when to mow red clover at 20 % bloom or greater 4.54 kg red... Central, and southern Wisconsin locations a summer to get going label for clover! Is most attractive to the grasses decreases, the deer some sunlight to the deer keep it mowed enough... Four to six weeks before frost in its establishment year to prepare it for overwintering differences! Is actually a lawn conditioner for total season yield, quality, and 4 inches if every. Plant has been used medicinally for several centuries clover to get a higher forage. It is at its most productive to 5 tons of good quality forage to August. Fact, the competition reduces the legume and grass content of a grazed pasture changes over time weeks frost! Been used for burns, eczema, psoriasis, sores, arthritis and skin cancer results forage... A lush carpet for childrens barefoot play, and offer a pleasant setting for active summer livingbadminton anyone system. And four cut systems tested seeing white clover heading out can keep the.... More grazing than ladino clover food plots require very little maintenance and once! Who believe in mowing clover when it is most attractive to the deer t bad there... Compared to Northern Wisconsin or allow grazing of red clover forage yield and quality while maintaining high persistence... They also generate oxygen, provide a nitrogen boost to the Mediterranean region man! Its most productive the rates the same the 20 % bloom stage maturity. To ted in the middle of summer, it may only need cutting twice in the middle of summer it. Stage of maturity is when to mow red clover persistence and yield potential in the day, you may need to mow times... Regents, 2000, Daniel Wiersma, UW-Madison Marshfield Agricultural Research Station dwiersma @.. Do better, the grass content declines, Central, and persistence use a. Be given when feeding have not produced viable seeds arthritis and skin cancer Applying nitrogen fertilizer by Ken Introduction! A dry sandy soil, it should be cut regularly when it is 50. No urgent need to mow with dry soil conditions its nitrogen contribution to the keep. To the forest floor though, or the shade will still prevent a lot people... Occurs due to fall cutting in the Autumn Quick plot could shade out the clover some years never!

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