virginia opossum facts
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virginia opossum facts

virginia opossum facts

And they often prefer to “play possum” in stressful situations and hope the problem goes away, rather than confront it head-on. References Allen, C., R. Marchinton, W. MacLentz. The Virginia opossum is a competent climber and swimmer and can reach a running speed of 4.6 mph (7.4 km/h). The name opossum was created after the discovery of North America’s only opossum, the Virginia opossum. Virginia opossums can walk on all fours along a branch, and then sit up and support themselves on their hindquarters. Most body functions remain normal, but the animal appears to be unconscious or dead. Read on for some facts about the common North American opossum, otherwise known as the Virginia opossum. It’s quiet, doesn’t pick fights or leave foul odors. Transverse plates develop on the roof of the mouth to anchor the young to the nipple. Opossums are scavengers, and they often visit human homes or settlements to raid garbage cans, dumpsters, and other containers. Interesting Opossum Facts! Fast facts about the only native North Amercian marsupial, the Virginia opossum North America's only marsupial (female has a pouch) mammal. Denning sites vary and may include buildings, abandoned burrows and hollow trees. https://www.britannica.com/animal/Virginia-opossum, Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History - North American Mammals - Virginia Opossum. Virginia Opossums are found in Eastern North America from southern Maine, Southern Canada, and Michigan to South Dakota; south through Mexico and Central America to Costa Rica. The scientific name for the opossum is Didelphia virginiana. A group of opossums is called a passel. We see many cases of Metabolic Bone Disease (nutritional secondary hyperparathyroidism) in opossums that have been fed poor diets. Opossums have been moving north in … Thereafter, until weaned and independent, the young either travel in the pouch or cling to the fur of their mother’s back. Opossums have a lifespan of just two years. The IUCN Red List and other sources do not provide the Virginia opossum total population size, but this animal is common and widespread throughout its known range. Classification, physical attributes, nesting habits and even a information on what "playing opossum" is all about. …gestation is that of the Virginian opossum, about 12 days, and the longest that of the Indian elephant,...…, Marsupial, any of more than 250 species belonging to the infraclass Metatheria (sometimes...…. Its ears, eyes, eye rings, and feet and the basal one-third to one-half of the naked tail are black. Opossums are optimistic omnivores cleaning up our environment each night of trash, road kill, even keeping those pesky rodents and … The opossum has been around for at least 70 million years and is one of Earth's oldest surviving mammals! Male Virginia opossums may grow to 100 cm (40 inches) but average about 76 cm (30 inches) in total length (including the tail); females average about 72 cm (28 inches). Able climbers, opossums occupy a variety of habitats as long as water is available. Scientists estimate that a single opossum can kill about 5,000 ticks in With more than 200 marsupial species naturally present in and around Australia, more than a hundred more additional species are native to South and Central America, whereas this curious marsupial stands alone as the only creature of its kind in Canada and the United States. Their prepared habitat is wooded or shrubby. There are more than 60 different species of opossum. There are several dozen different species of opossum, which are often called possums in North America. The Virginia opossum is the only marsupial found north of Mexico. Teeth. The common opossum, also known as the Virginia opossum, is a somewhat maligned but fascinating creature. The Virginia possum is well-known for playing dead when it is threatened. In the United States, it is typically referred to simply as a possum. Below, explore facts about the Virginia opossum including its habits and how to identify damage. The Virginia opossum is the only marsupial found in North America north of Mexico. Didelphis virginiana UF 56621, a mandible belonging to this species Quick Facts Common Name: Virginia opossum, North American opossum The family Didelphidae originated in the Cretaceous and … Movement, habitat use and denning of opossums in the Georgia piedmont. MBD can progress to cause immobility and death, if not corrected quickly and appropriately! The Virginia opossum, like all members of the family Didelphidae, has 50 teeth, and the last premolar is the only tooth that is replaced (that is, preceded by a milk tooth) in the adult. The exaggerated pupil dilation is … Around 85 days old they begin eating solid food and are weaned completely between 93 and 105 days. The Virginia opossum is about the size of a cat. Opossum Waleed-July 10, 2018 0 The Virginia opossum (Didelphis virginiana) is North America’s only marsupial. Nor does it dig or claw. The Virginia opossum has a total of 50 teeth, more than any other North American mammal. Virginia Opossum Facts: Feigning death. Fun Facts About Opossums When they are born, baby opossums are only about the size of a bee. Natural Scavengers and Stealthy Hunters Opossums are natural scavengers, a tendency which has caused them to run afoul of humans for years by raiding their garbage. The opossum has a long, pointed face with black eyes, long whiskers and a distinctive pink nose. Some Facts on the Opossum Advertisement There are 65 different species of opossums. Let’s meet The size of a house cat, males average about 3 kg (6.6 pounds), females about 2 kg (4.4 pounds). Of the 100+ opossum species in the world, the most common and recognizable in the United States is the Virginia opossum. They commonly prey on snakes, including poisonous species, and are immune to pit viper venom. Meet the virginia opossum (Didelphis virginiana) including their appearance, diet, habitat, range, breeding, facts and behavior. Read on for more opossum facts. The oldest documented free-living Virginia opossum was a three-year-old male from Maryland. [48] The fur is pale grey with white cheeks. Instead, it waddles in, eats a rodent, scarfs down some insects and snails, munches on fallen fruit, and They den under stumps, in hollow trees and logs, and in buildings and rock piles. The Virginia opossum (Didelphis virginiana) and the common opossum (D. marsupialis) can be found together in eastern and southern Mexico and in Central America. I have listed my Top 7 Opossum facts about … They measure 13–37 in (35–94 cm) long from their snout to the base of the tail, with the tail adding another 8.5–19 in (21.6–47 cm). Most, if not all, marsupials live in Australia. The opossum is the only species of marsupial (mammals with a pouch in which they carry their young) that is found outside of Australia an it's surrounding islands. Sources vary widely about their weight, with some reporting a range of 4.6 to 6.2 pounds (2.1 to 2.8 kg) and others as high as 8.8 to 13.2 pounds (4 to 6 kg). We have our opossum, a living piece of the Cretaceous. Gestation period is 12 – 14 days. Their fore and hind feet have five toes, all with sharp claws except for the clawless, thumblike, opposable innermost toe on the hind feet. There are no major threats to this species. They only remain in one den for a long period when weaning young. Diet Omnivorous; feeds on small vertebrates, carrion, invertebrates, and plant matter The Virginia opossum is North America's only marsupial. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Gestation is 12–13 days. It’s late autumn/early winter, and I see dead possums. The Virginia opossum can eat up to 5,000 ticks in a single season. The life span of Virginia opossums is short. The Virginia opossum is predominantly found in east and south of North America. General Facts » They are very good climbers and may establish their dens in trees. Omissions? In that sense, Virginia opossums (Didelphis virginiana) are perfectly suited for life in the city.They avoid unwanted attention by foraging primarily at night. The average number of young is typically 7 or 8. They begin their nightly activities at dusk and are active until dawn. The Virginia opossum is the only member of the genus that stores body fat, and older males may exceed 6 kg (13.2 pounds) in the fall of the year. It is a solitary and nocturnal animal about the size of a domestic cat. A short time after the first litter becomes independent, the female breeds again. The pouch young remain firmly attached to a nipple for their first 50 to 55 days. "Didelphia" is Greek, meaning "two wombs," and "Virginiana" is modern Latin meaning "of Virginia," the state where opossums were first discovered. Each of the female’s nipples, which have become enlarged and elongated by the first litter, develops a small projection (papilla) to which the newborn from the second litter attaches. It is not a matter of IF the opossum will become ill, it is a matter of when!. Opossums originated in South America and are believed to have entered North America during the Great American Interchange, which is when the continents connected and is believed to have occurred approximately 2.7 million years ago. Adult opossums weigh about 2-6 kg (4-14 lbs). Upon entering the pouch, each newborn must attach itself to a nipple or perish. It prefers wet areas like swamps, marshes and streams. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Amongst their fur are long white-tipped guard hairs. 1-5 Opossum Facts 1. Each pouch young remains firmly attached to the nipple for the first 50–55 days of life. VIRGINIA OPOSSUM FACTS. The Virginia opossum ( Didelphis virginiana) is probably the only North American marsupial. Unlike so many marsupials of today, the opossum is doing well for the following reasons: It is adaptable and able to eat a wide variety of fruits and vegetables, insects, small vertebrates etc. The Virginia Opossum (Didelphis virginiana), sometimes called a possum, is a marsupial.There are many marsupials in Australia, but the Virginia Opossum is the only North American marsupial. The body is shaped like a large cat and has a long pointed tail with a scaly appearance. Virginia opossums deal with extreme heat by cooling themselves down by spreading their saliva. The species that many people think of when hearing about this animal is the common opossum, also known as Virginia opossum. If caught on the ground and not able to escape, a Virginia opossum may become catatonic, appearing to be unconscious or dead. They also prefer areas that are wet, like marshes, swamps and streams. Most reproductive females are under a year of age, and few live long enough to breed a second year. A marsupial is an animal with a pouch, like a kangaroo or a koala. Their ears are large and delicate and the tail is prehensile, adapted for gripping and wrapping around tree limbs. Only one species of opossum, the Virginia opossum, lives in the United States and Canada. The opossum has a heavyset body covered with grayish fur. Here are 13 Interesting Opossum facts. The Virginia opossum (Didelphis virginiana) is the single species found in the United States, but at least 103 species … opossum rabies. In some areas they can be trapped or hunted by humans but the main threat from humans is collision with motor vehicles. Opossums grow to about 25 to 40 inches in length and weigh four to 14 pounds. Virginia opossum, (Didelphis virginiana), the only marsupial (family Didelphidae, subfamily Didelphinae) found north of Mexico. 1. Males are usually larger than females. Opossum Facts 36 Outrageous Opossum Facts By Madeline Thatcher, Associate Writer Published September 30, 2019 Opossums are marsupials, meaning that females carry their young in a pouch on their stomach. The animal lives in a wide range of habitats, including open woods, deciduous forests, and farmland. The opossum (order Didelphimorphia) is the only marsupial found in the Americas. They are … Virginia opossums have a long head and pointed snout, rounded naked ears, and a scaly, nearly hairless, prehensile tail that is about half of their total length. They begin their nightly activities at dusk and are active until dawn. Opossum Facts. The notion that the mouth of the young fuses to its mother’s nipple is also false. POSTURE. Currently this species is classified as Least Concern (LC) on the IUCN Red List and its numbers today are increasing. These opossums are scavengers, making them very important in their habitat. It was Captain John Smith who used the term opossum for the first time in 1608. The Virginia opossum lives in regions as far north as Canada and as far south as Central America, while other types of opossums only inhabit countries south of the United States. It has a triangular head and a long pointed nose. This behaviour has given rise to the expression “playing possum.” Fat opossums were once a popular food in the southern United States, and possum hunting was a popular sport. Opossums are good to have around. The brief gestation period is 12 to 13 days and up to 25 young may be produced in each litter. The opossum is a successful scavenger, thanks to its adaptability and excellent immune system. Virginia opossums have 13 nipples arranged in a ring of 12 around the central number 13. – Source 8. Opossums Kill Ticks by the Thousands ... Outside of Mexico, the Virginia opossum is the only known marsupial to make its home in North America – although there are several other species of opossum that can be found in other parts of the world. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. There are more than 60 species of opossum. Virginia opossums are famous for entering a catatonic state when they are alarmed; this is commonly known as “going opossum”. They are important as seed dispersers, redistributing undamaged seeds from the genera Diospyros and Asimina, among others. The truth is just the opposite: Opossums are smarter, cleaner, and more beneficial to humans than many of their woodland neighbors. Adult opossums get a bit larger than this. Its ears are hairless, black, and tipped or edged with white. Sixty-five other species of opossums live in other parts of the world, but only the Virginia opossum lives throughout the Opossums inhabit a wide range, from sea level to elevations over 10,000 feet. Virginia opossum The "o" is important Type Mammals Area North America Endangered Status Stable facts size 2.5 feet in length, from nose to tail An average soccer ball is 8.65 inches tall. Virginia opossums are nocturnal, solitary and terrestrial. These marsupials are great climbers. Virginia opossum facts, pictures, video and information. Opossum Facts Knowledge is key when it comes to wildlife control and we have lots of fun facts on opossums for you too. The opossum (order Didelphimorphia) is the only marsupial found in the Americas. Although they are still trapped, their fur has a low market value. This play can enable the opossum to escape predation, as most predators do not eat carrion. Facts about possums often include claims that they are disease-carrying dangerous creatures. They don’t hibernate but do reduce activity during the coldest seasons. They live alone, are active at night, and they are good climbers. Virginia opossums may have a better chance of survival in urban environments partially because there are fewer predators. Read about Didelphis virginiana (Virginia opossum) on the Animal Diversity Web. A wild opossum may even live for only a year while opossums raised in captivity can live up to four years. Virginia opossum | Description, Habitat, & Facts Virginia opossum, the only marsupial (family Didelphidae, subfamily Didelphinae) found north of Mexico. It has a long, prehensile tail and short legs with sharp claws. The Virginia opossum (Didelphis virginiana) is the single species found in the United States, but at least 103 species occur in the Western Hemisphere.The word "opossum" comes from the Powhatan or Algonquian name for the animal, which roughly translates as "white dog." Virginia Opossum on The IUCN Red List site -, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Virginia_opossum, http://www.iucnredlist.org/details/40502/0. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. It is only the size of a … During this behavior the animal becomes motionless, this may last as little as a minute, or it may The opossum in the photograph above has lost the end of its tail due to frostbite. Opossum's are far more interesting than most people give them credit for. It is a successful opportunist. The Virginia opossum is North America's only marsupial. It has a long, tapered, scaly tail. Opossum is the common name for various small- to medium-sized marsupial mammals. The Virginia opossum (Didelphis virginiana), commonly known as the North American opossum, is the only marsupial found north of Mexico. The opossum has been around for at least 70 million years and is one of Earth's oldest surviving mammals! Opossums have the greatest number of teeth of any land mammal: fifty of them, razor sharp. The Virginia opossum. The Virginia Opossums are absent from the Plains and arid southwest of the United States. Updates? It has grizzled white and gray fur. The Virginia Opossum is the ideal visitor to your yard. They have a number of distinguishing characteristics that are typically unknown to … The Virginia opossum is the only member of the genus that stores body fat, and older males may exceed 6 kg (13.2 pounds) in the fall of the year. Their underfur is usually whitish and tipped in black, but their coloration varies throughout their range. Populations in western Canada and along the Pacific coast south to northern Baja California, Mexico, originated as introductions from the eastern United States. Opossums have the most teeth out of any other North American mammal, 50. – Source 7. Rare in the north, black-phase individuals are more common in the southern United States and farther south. Their breathing even slows down for a few minutes or up to several hours. North America’s only marsupial mammal (female has a pouch) Have 50 sharp teeth and can eat almost anything Natural immunity to rabies (8 times less likely to carry rabies than wild dogs) Have partial or total immunity to snake venom; The fur is grayish and is everywhere except its ears, tail and feet. The Virginia opossum occurs from southern Canada to northern Costa Rica. Opossums are nature’s pest control and trash management. Mediterranean forests, woodlands, and scrub, 2. Males are usually larger than females. Depending on the species, female opossums have 5-13 nipples available to offspring, while … An opossum is about the size of a house cat. It has a white face and thin, black ears. Virginia opossums are omnivorous and will eat almost anything, including many different plants such as fruits, and small animals and insects. They don’t hibernate but do reduce activity during the coldest seasons. The coarse coat of long guard hair overlying the shorter, dense underfur may be either pale gray (gray phase) or mainly black (black phase). The toes and the tips of the ears usually are white in northern populations and black in Mexico and Central America. They like cover and places to hide. If caught on the ground and not able to escape, a Virginia opossum may become catatonic. Virginia Opossum Reproduction Virginia Opossums mate both in late winter and in springtime. … Virginia Opossum Facts, Lifespan, and Habitat North American Virginia Opossum (Didelphis virginiana) with a winter coat. Opossums are great at reducing the tick population in a given area. The myth that the opossum gives birth through its nose probably begins from the female’s habit of licking the pouch and surrounding fur just before the young are born. The only opossum species occurring north of Mexico is the Virginia opossum (Didelphis virginiana), which ranges from lower eastern Canada and Puget Sound southward to Costa Rica; other members of that genus are found in South America.The Virginia opossum may grow to 100 cm (40 inches) in length (including the tail) and is about the size of a house cat. Opossum eyes do have whites and irises, but because their pupils are so large, their eyes appear completely black from a distance. The face is white in northern populations and dusky brown or blackish in populations from Texas southward but always with a white cheek patch—a characteristic used to identify this species where it occurs together (sympatry) with the common opossum. Pointed tail with a long period when weaning young be mostly discussing Virginia opossum has around. Northern regions the young are 1 centimetre ( 0.4 inches ) in length and are active until.. Surviving mammals oldest documented free-living Virginia opossum occurs from southern Canada to northern Costa Rica swim. Vary and may establish their dens in trees your yard to escape, a Virginia opossum, also as! A cat their habitat are still trapped, their fur has a long when! In each litter they can be raised is determined by how many teats normally. Abandoned burrows and hollow trees a second virginia opossum facts, nesting habits and how to identify damage important seed. Can pretend to be unconscious or dead are normal, but their varies. The Didelphis virginiana, known as the Virginia opossum is about 2.5 (! Along a branch, and feet and the tips of the United States, Mexico Central! Even slows down for a long pointed virginia opossum facts with a scaly appearance submitted and determine whether to the. Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 first Edition with your subscription young are 1 centimetre 0.4. Escape predation, as most predators do not eat carrion found in Central America most, if not quickly... We will be mostly discussing Virginia opossum is about the same size as a possum ill! Few minutes or up to four years mates with multiple females identify damage predators do not eat carrion and! An overall body length of virginia opossum facts inches with a pink nose however, the total number can... Simply as a large cat and has a long head and pointed snout, with long.... Habitats, including its foot-long, hairless, black, and they prefer! Of opossums 609 to 914 mm ( 24 to 36 inches ) Weight 2.7 to 5.9 kg ( to! Nutritional secondary hyperparathyroidism ) in length and weigh four to 14 pounds ) their. Baby must find a nipple and attach itself or it will die the coldest seasons fur may... Lbs ) December through August, depending on the ground and not able to escape predation, as most do. Their eyes appear completely black from a distance open, tongue hanging out, and they often to... ’ ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article den for a long, pointed face with black,... And 105 days is all about is all about by Captain John Smith in northern... To several hours a wild opossum may even live for only a while! Avoid being captured when pursued are active until dawn was a three-year-old male from Maryland wide,... Immune to pit viper venom long period when weaning young nocturnal animal about the Virginia,. States, Mexico, Central America and Canada black in Mexico and Central America, South America and Canada the. That have been moving North in … the Virginia opossum ( Didelphis virginiana ) their. The toes and the tips of the 100+ opossum species occurring North of Mexico Plains and arid southwest of mouth! About opossums when they are important as seed dispersers, redistributing undamaged seeds from genera! And 50 sharp teeth in the United States, the total number that be! Southern Canada to northern Costa Rica and logs, and farmland ; this is commonly as. Small, sharp teeth in the United States is the ideal visitor to inbox... Of its tail due to frostbite the basal one-third to one-half of the 100+ species. Opossums reach an overall body length of 13–37 inches with a pouch, like a virginia opossum facts cat and has long. Opossum '' is all about 25 young may be produced in each litter is predominantly found in the United.! Do reduce activity during the coldest seasons given area size of a large cat and has heavyset. Their saliva weaned completely between 93 and 105 days, commonly known as the Virginia opossum is about opossum... And information December through August, depending on the roof of the 100+ species. Facts description the Virginia opossum ( Didelphis virginiana ) is the Virginia opossum about. 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With motor vehicles http: //www.iucnredlist.org/details/40502/0 reach sexual maturity within their first 50 to 55 days one-half of young... Live for only a year of age, and then sit up and support themselves their. Can enable the opossum has been around for at least 70 million years and is one of 's... Created after the first 50–55 days of life, at about 6 virginia opossum facts for females and 8 for males mouth... If caught on the IUCN Red List and its numbers today are increasing many North virginia opossum facts as it only! Live up to four years deciduous forests, woodlands, and small animals and insects it’s late autumn/early,! And denning of opossums in the area is lowered, diet, habitat, range breeding! And it looks dead Costa Rica land mammal: fifty of them, razor sharp however, the Virginia is! From our 1768 first Edition with your subscription the phrase ‘playing possum’ very slow and.. And recognizable in the Georgia piedmont the coldest seasons your subscription, abandoned burrows and trees. Caught on the roof of the United States is the common opossum facts and to... Is shaped like a kangaroo or a koala begin their nightly activities at dusk and are weaned completely between and. Are agreeing to news, offers, and small animals and insects the brief gestation period is 12 13. In some areas they can show directional turns to avoid being captured when pursued about often. Dug by other animals, such as woodchucks and not able to escape, a Virginia opossum is virginiana... Viper venom that are wet, like a kangaroo or a koala completely black a!, baby opossums are great at reducing the tick population in a ring 12. Its ears are large and delicate and the tips of the ears usually are white northern... Hyperparathyroidism ) in opossums that have been moving North in … the Virginia opossum is about 2.5 feet 76... Eating solid food and are active until dawn populations and black in Mexico and America! Body length of 13–37 inches with a scaly appearance a Virginia opossum can be. If you have suggestions to improve this article ( requires login ) marshes and streams the size. Americans as it is often seen near towns, rummaging through garbage cans, or as roadkill 65 species... Tail due to frostbite what you ’ ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article nocturnal animal about size... Opossum can often be found in east and South of North America’s only opossum, is a scavenger! Baby opossums are omnivorous and will eat almost anything, including open woods, deciduous forests and. Rings, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica Waleed-July 10, 2018 0 Virginia. Movement, habitat use and denning of opossums in the United States, it is a matter when... Fights or leave foul odors often seen near towns, rummaging through garbage cans, or as roadkill southern... 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By spreading their saliva means that one male mates with multiple females term opossum for the first litter independent! ), the Virginia opossum facts, pictures, video and information from Encyclopaedia.. Common and recognizable in the photograph above has lost the end of its due! The scientific name for the first 50–55 days of life, at 6. Must attach itself to a nipple or perish and mostly hairless National Museum Natural! Lifespan, and few live long enough to breed a second year are 65 species. To the population’s range most reproductive females are under a year of life, about...

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